Bangladesh

In Bangladesh there are approximately 130 institutions of higher education divided into public and private universities, medical colleges, international universities (operated and funded by international organisations) and institutes. A significant progress was registered since the independence of the country in 1971 when only 4 universities were available. Tertiary education enrollment is growing exponentially, most recently estimated at 20.57%. International students choose more and more to come to study there. In the academic year of 2015/2016, data pulled from 57 universities showed that there were 1,402 foreign students in Bangladesh. Overall, this country constitutes a friendly and inclusive environment where such students are always welcomed. More information on the higher education system can be found on the Ministry of Secondary and Higher Education’s website: http://www.shed.gov.bd/.


Educational Structure
Universities in Bangladesh offer courses for all three cycles: Bachelor’s (স্নাতক), Master’s (স্নাতকোত্তর) and doctoral studies (ডক্টরেট). The first cycle splits into Pass degrees (which lasts for 3 years) and Honors degrees (which lasts for 4 years), but there are also longer degrees in medicine or architecture. Honors degrees tend to be offered by public universities. Master’s programmes usually last for 1/1.5 years if an Honor was awarded or 2 years if a Pass was awarded. A Master of Philosophy (MPhil) is an advanced degree given by public universities. PhDs represent the highest academic credential and will usually take at least two years to obtain the title. No credit system is nationally used, but some institutions choose to have the US style. Therefore, one year of undergraduate studies will count between 30 and 36 credits.

In order to apply to Bangladeshi universities, students must have proof of the appropriate qualification. For Bachelor’s, the Higher Secondary School Certificate attests the completion of 12 classes necessary to be considered into tertiary education. International students should be able to prove that with a relevant equivalent certification of that. Based on the field, other examinations might be required such as exams or interviews. In order to apply for a postgraduate course, you must be able to show evidence of acquiring a Bachelor’s degree. The same logic applies for an application for doctoral studies where proof of a Master’s diploma is required. The academic year runs from January to December. Universities use either a semester system or a trimester system. The most common language of instruction is English.


Fees
Tuition fees are regulated within each university. These tend to be between 189,000-517,800 TK (~2,228-6,103 dollars) per annum. However, they are also based on previous earned grades, which means that the higher the GPA, the lower the fee. Also, private institution will have lower fees than public ones and some subject are more expensive than others. 


Information for International Students
Living costs in Dhaka, the capital city, are 56% lower than in London, which makes Bangladesh an affordable country for students. A single person will spend around 402 dollars every month without rent. An informative list of prices for different products is available here. Also, a comprehensive list of scholarships is provided on the Ministry Foreign Affairs website here. Bangladesh is recognized for its rapid national development after the gaining of independence. Therefore, it can offer an outstanding educational system and attract students all around the globe, considering the high urbanization rate and economic boom. 


 

 

Links:
http://data.banbeis.gov.bd/images/chp08.pdf
https://www.dhakatribune.com/bangladesh/education/2017/06/19/education-destination-bangladesh
https://wenr.wes.org/2019/08/education-in-bangladesh
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Higher_Secondary_School_Certificate
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/EDUCATION/Resources/278200-1121703274255/1439264-1193249163062/Bangladesh_countrySummary.pdf
https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2019/10/bangladesh-is-booming/