There are approximately 80 higher education institutions (HEIs) in Egypt. These are a diversified mix of public universities, private universities, specialized universities, higher institutes, Islamic schools and national non-profit universities. Private universities require tuition, whereas public universities are funded by the government making them free or requiring a small amount of tuition. Specialized universities and higher institutes are generally private and offer certain courses that are from a certain category of studies such as business. Seven universities in Egypt are ranked in the top 50 universities in the QS Arab Region University Rankings of 2019. Egypt is welcoming to international students as it hosts approximately 52’000 international students in their higher education institutions. For more information, please refer to the official government website:

Educational Structure 
The educational structure in Egypt follows the traditional path of a Bachelors, followed by a Masters and then a Doctorate. Bachelors generally take 4 years to complete. However, Bachelors of Science in Pharmacy, Dentistry, Physiotherapy and Engineering take 5 years to complete and Medical Bachelors degrees take 6 years to complete. Masters may take between two to five years to complete, depending on the course. Doctoral degrees take between two to five years to complete as well. 

In order to apply for an undergraduate degree, students must apply to the Central Orientation Bureau which matches students preferences with their desired universities and the number of available places. However, for private universities or institutions, students may apply directly to the institution. In order to be accepted for a Bachelors degree, students must have completed the general secondary school certificate from an Egyptian secondary school. Foreign certificates such as the German Abitur or the American high school diploma are accepted when applying. Masters students must have a valid Bachelors degree and prospective Doctoral students must have a Masters degree in order to apply. 

Tuition costs vary depending on the institution and the number of credits taken as tuition is calculated on a per-credit-hour basis. For local students in public universities, tuition is free and for international students it is relatively low. However, most international students attend private universities where courses are taught in English meaning that they pay between 14’000$ to 20’000$ per year. 

Information for International Students 
Living costs are relatively low in Egypt, meaning that many students opt for renting an apartment during their stay rather than living in student accommodation. Moreover, international students applying to private universities are required to pass a TOEFL test as universities such as the American University in Cairo teach all their courses in English. In addition, students are required to apply for a student visa and must prove that they have the ability and have paid all their tuition fees in order for it to approved.