Higher education in El Salvador is delivered by three types of institutions: Technological Institutes (Institutos Tecnologicos), Specialized Institutions (Institutos Especializados) and Universities (Universidades). There are 40 universities in El Salvador. 54,400 students attend one of the 9 public universities, and around 122,000 students are enrolled in one of the 31 private institutions in the country. More information on institutions and degrees is available at the Salvadoran Ministry of Education website at https://www.mined.gob.sv/programas/educacion-superior.html.
A total of 84 different degrees are offered in institutions across the country, categorised in the following areas: 1) Arts and architecture, 2) Economics, administration and commerce, 3) Health, 4) Sciences, 5) Agricultural studies and the Environment, 6) Law, 7) Humanities, 8) Technology, 9) Education and 10) Social Sciences. Economics, administration and commerce is the area with the highest demand. Technological institutes only award technician (Técnico) and technologist (Tecnólogo) degrees. Specialized Institutes focus on academic degrees in science and arts. Universities offer multidisciplinary degrees. The latter institutions are certified to award the following degrees: Teacher (Profesor), Bachelor’s (Licenciado), Engineer (Ingeniero) and Architect (Arquitecto), Master’s (Maestro), Doctor and Specialist (Especialista). All degrees are taught in Spanish.
Each institution holds their own admissions process. General entry requirements include: admission forms, high school diploma, and a birth certificate. Institutions often have internal examinations and personal interview processes for entry. Psychological examinations are also common in the admissions process.