There are approximately 106 higher education institutions in Ghana. These are a mix of public, private, universities colleges, polytechnics and institutes. Enrollment of students in higher education has increased while the number of private HEIs has drastically increased from two private universities in 1991 to 81 private universities in 2019. The rest of the HEIs are universities which offer general programs across a range of different subjects, whereas institutes are specialized in a certain field. Ghana is open to international students as it currently has 12’980 international students, which makes up approximately 3% of the student body who are enrolled in higher education. For more information, please refer to the official government website: http://moe.gov.gh/.
The educational structure in Ghana follows the traditional path of a Bachelors, followed by a Masters and then a Doctorate. The Bachelors takes four years to complete. The Masters takes between one to two years and the Doctorate takes three years. In order to qualify for a Bachelors degree, students must have completed a secondary school diploma. Foreign certificates are also accepted such as the French Baccalaureate or the A levels. For scientific disciplines, only students with the top percentage of grades are accepted. For certain universities, students must complete entrance exam for medical degrees. In order to be accepted for a Masters, students must have a valid Bachelors degree and to be accepted for a Doctorate students must have achieved a Masters degree in a relevant field. There is no centralized body of administration for application, meaning that students must apply directly to the university itself in order to be admitted.
Tuition fees vary between universities. In private universities, local student fees range from 5000$ to 11’000$ whereas for international students fees may range up to 35’000$. However, students may be offered scholarships depending on their needs and income.
Information for International Students
English is the language of instruction at the higher education level, meaning that students may have to pass the TOEFL test to prove their English proficiency. Students must also acquire a student visa before arrival which requires proof from the university that they have been accepted into the degree program.