There are approximately 68 higher education institutions in Greece with the oldest one being established in Athens in 1837. There are two types of higher education institutions (HEIs): Universities and Technological Education Institutes. Universities offer a range of subjects whereas Technological Education Institutes focus on providing a professional-oriented degree for students who will likely go straight to work in a specialized field. Technical Institutes also include Military Education Institutes and Merchant Naval Academies. Moreover, all HEIs in Greece are public. For more information, please refer to the official government website: https://www.minedu.gov.gr/.
The educational structure in Greece follows the traditional pattern of a Bachelors, followed by a Masters and then a Doctorate. To complete an undergraduate degree, it generally takes four years. However, for engineering, dentistry and agricultural degrees, students are required to complete a five-year course whereas medical students must complete a six-year degree. In order to be accepted to all undergraduate degrees, students are required to complete the Panhellenic General Examinations that are organized yearly by the Ministry of Education, as well as a secondary school certificate. Acceptance is then dependent on the student’s achieved score and their university preference. International students are not required to pass these exams, though they are required to have a valid secondary school diploma such as A levels or a Baccalaureate5. International students must submit their applications in July to the Hellenic Ministry of National Education and Religious Affairs. Masters degrees take two years to complete and require a valid Bachelors degree in order to be accepted. Doctoral programs last a minimum of three years and a Masters is required beforehand. Prospective Masters and Doctoral students must apply directly to the desired institution in order to be accepted.
As all higher education in Greece is public, tuition is free for all students from Greece and the EU/EEA at the undergraduate level. Non-EU/EEA students at the Masters level are usually required to pay approximately 1’500 to 9’000 euros per year.
Information for International Students
The language of instruction is Greek meaning that students are required to pass a proficiency test in order to be accepted, though there are courses taught in English. Moreover, students from the European Union do not need a visa, though non-EU students require a student visa (type D) to study in Greece which they can acquire with an official acceptance letter from their chosen university.In addition, students require health insurance and proof that they have enough money to complete their studies. Living expenses in Greece are considered to be one of the lowest of all the European Union, meaning that students are able to find accommodation in their chosen city of study.