India is home to over 990 universities, close to 400 of which are located in rural areas. To most universities, colleges are assigned which further increases the number of higher education institutions. According to the most recent All India Survey on Higher Education (2019), there is a good mix of public and private universities with the latter comprising of over 380 universities across the countries. These universities further have nearly 40,000 colleges affiliated to them across the 29 states and 7 union territories and over ten thousand stand-alone institutions in the country as per the survey. The universities in India can be primarily divided as general, technical, agriculture and allied, medical and health, law, language-based universities among other specialities. Although most of the universities are co-educational i.e, for both men and women, India does have 16 universities spread across 13 states that operate exclusively for women. The number of colleges that offer PhD programmes is relatively niche (2.5%) compared to the number of colleges that offer postgraduate courses in the country (35%).
The enrolment of the domestic students in the higher-education institutions in the country has been steadily going up and as of 2019 it was estimated to be 37.4 million. In 2018-19, over 47400 International students from 164 countries were studying in the HEIs across India. There are around 160 colleges and over 1500 courses which the international students can apply for. For further information, international students can refer to the official government website: https://www.studyinindia.gov.in/. Upon securing an admission, the students can get a visa for five years or duration of the course of study.
India is known for its STEM, social sciences and humanities courses. The medium of the instruction across these institutions can be English-only to courses offered in both English and other languages of India (for eg: Hindi, Bengali, Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam, Marathi, Gujarati etc). There are three levels of higher education study in India: Bachelor’s, Master’s, and Doctoral Research program. The duration of most of the Bachelor’s courses is 3 years, Master’s is 2 years and it takes about 5 years to complete a PhD. There are integrated courses too where students can pursue both Bachelor’s and Master’s.
It is difficult to provide a range of fees for the Indian universities as it is varied across the various specialities. However, it is usually around 300-1500$ for international students.
Information for International Students
There are scholarships available for both domestic and international students. The international students receive these from the Indian Council for Cultural Relations. For more information, students can visit http://www.iccr.gov.in/a2a/iccr-scholarship. The living costs in India are low. Most international students will be able to live comfortably with a monthly budget of about $160-$200.