There are 126 higher education institutions in Iraq. These are composed of universities and technical institutes. Both can be either private or public higher education institutions. Universities offer a wide range of programs, whereas technical institutes are specialized and offer a limited range of subjects. There are two ministries of higher education which coordinate higher education in Iraq, one in Baghdad and one in Erbil which administers affairs for the Region of Kurdistan. For more information, please refer to the official Iraqi government website: or the official website for Kurdistan’s Ministry of Higher Education:

Educational Structure 
The educational structure in Iraq and Kurdistan follow the traditional path of a Bachelor’s, followed by a Master’s and then a Doctorate. Bachelor’s generally take between four to six years to complete. Medical degrees and architectural engineering programs take six years to complete. Pharmaceutical, veterinary, and dentistry degrees last five years. Master’s degrees take two years and Doctorates take three years. 

Students applying to higher education programs are required to have passed the Baccalaureate. Moreover, in Iraq and Kurdistan, students must submit their application online to the Ministry of Higher Education with their grades and preferred higher education institutions where they would like to study. The Ministries of Education then match the students to universities depending on their grades and the number of available places at the Higher Education Institution. Prospective Master’s are required to have obtained a Bachelor’s degree in a related field and prospective Doctoral students are required to have acquired a Master’s degree. In order to be accepted to a Master’s program, students are required to have a grade over 65%. 

Public higher education institutions in Iraq do not require tuition to be paid. Usually, students must just pay a registration fee of 12$. Private universities require tuition fees and range 500$ to 3000$ per year. 

Information for International Students 
Universities under the administration of the Kurdish Regional Government teach many of their courses in English, meaning that students are required to prove their proficiency through a TOEFL or IELTS if they are non-native speakers. Education in universities under Iraqi administration are mainly taught in Arabic, meaning that non-native speakers must also be able to prove their proficiency.