There are approximately one hundred twenty-five universities in Kazakhstan. Kazakh universities are classified depending on their ownership: national, corporatized or international institutions. The education system builds on the Russian tradition, with greater focus on taught rather than research modules, however following Kazakhstan’s accession to Bologna Framework in 2010, the system has become increasingly influenced by the Continental system. Kazakh Universities provide full-time education, evening courses as well as e-learning courses. The language of instruction is mostly Russian, Kazakh or, for some courses, English. There are around 500 000 students enrolled in tertiary education in Kazakhstan, with approximately 14 000 coming from abroad. For more information please refer to https://www.gov.kz/memleket/entities/edu?lang=kk.
The Kazakh educational system is strongly influenced by Russian educational tradition, putting greater emphasis on taught rather than research modules. Nonetheless, its university degree framework follows the Bologna ‘bachelor's master's doctorate system’.
The Bachelor's degrees normally last at least four years. It is followed by a Master’s degree of one year for professional Master’s, or two years for scientific Master’s, culminating with a Doctoral degree, which is awarded after a minimum of three of further study and the submission of an original dissertation.
Entrance requirements vary across institution, study level and subject area with a Secondary Education Certificate, or equivalent such as A-levels or SAT Subject Tests being required for first-cycle admissions. Additionally, international applicants are required to demonstrate relevant language capabilities, e.g. via IELTS or TOEFL scores. Generally speaking, applicants are assessed against their academic background and previous academic achievements.
The tuition and fees required from students vary significantly, depending on the specialties, type of admission, and degree sought. For foreign students, the annual fees can vary between approximately £800 and £4 400. Postgraduate studies are generally more expensive at ‘national universities’. The cost of doctoral studies is approximately £5 700.
State financial support is usually restricted to home-based students. Nonetheless, individual institutions offer a variety of scholarships for academically well performing students and/or students with financial difficulties.
Information for International Students
Kazakhstan has recently ramped up its attempts to raise its international profile, with over 14,000 international students enrolled in Kazakh HEIs. Additionally, over 220 programmes are now taught in English in Kazakh universities, with over 300 courses being run with other institutions abroad. The visa process is, nonetheless, extensive and the application process should be pursued straight after securing a place at the university of one’s choice. The university’s Foreign Office should act as the point of reference.
Total monthly costs of university study, excluding university fees have been estimated at between £75 and £130. This includes monthly accommodation costs of approximately £11 and £17 and monthly food expenditure of between £56 and £93.