Madagascar is an island country in the Indian Ocean, approximately 400 kilometers (250 miles) off the coast of East Africa. The country has almost 20 universities. The University of Madagascar, established as an Institute for Advanced Studies in 1955 in Antananarivo and renamed in 1961, is the main institute of higher education. It maintains six separate, independent branches in Antananarivo, Antsiranana, Fianarantsoa, Toamasina, Toliara, and Mahajanga. (Before 1988, the latter five institutions were provincial extensions of the main university in Antananarivo.) The university system consists of several faculties, including law and economics, sciences, and letters and human sciences, and numerous schools that specialize in public administration, management, medicine, social welfare, public works, and agronomy. More information can be found on the official government website: http://www.education.gov.mg/.
Higher education follows the Bologna model, whereby students, after completing secondary education (high school) and obtaining the baccalaureate, begin their tertiary studies with a Bachelor’s degree, progressing on to a Master’s degree and a PhD, if they so choose.
Annual tuition fees are generally very low, in many cases free for residents. For international students, a year of tertiary studies costs around 3000 euros. This can vary greatly if students choose a private institution.
Information for International Students
The cost of living in Madagascar, even in the big cities where the bigger universities are located, such as Antananarivo, is very low. A monthly budget of 400$ should suffice for any expenses, including a 1-bedroom apartment.