There are approximately one hundred eighty colleges and universities in Mongolia, however only less than a third of them are public. Both public and private institutions charge enrollment fees, nonetheless the quality of education in the privately-owned institutions is widely perceived as inferior. The education system builds on the Russian tradition, with greater focus on taught rather than research modules. Mongolian universities provide full-time education, evening courses as well as e-learning courses. The language of instruction is mostly Russian or Mongolian. The most prominent of Mongolian institutions, the state-funded National University of Mongolia, houses roughly 18 000 students, over 400 of them international, accounting for roughly a third of all graduates in Mongolia. For more information please refer to https://mecss.gov.mn/.
The Mongolian educational system is strongly influenced by Russian educational tradition, putting greater emphasis on taught rather than research modules. Nonetheless, its university degree framework mirrors that of the Bologna ‘bachelor's master's doctorate system’.
The Bachelor's degrees normally lasts four years. It is followed by a Master’s degree of one to two years, culminating with a Doctoral degree, which is awarded after a minimum of three years of further study and the submission of an original dissertation.
Entrance requirements vary across institution, study level and subject area. A successfully completed secondary education and possession of a relevant certificate, or international equivalent such as A-levels or IB, is required for first-cycle admissions. First-cycle admissions are also subject to passing the national general examinations. The admission requirements for a Master’s program is possession of 120 credits from a recognized higher education institution; for Doctoral degrees a recognized Master’s degree is required. Additionally, international applicants are required to demonstrate proficiency in Mongolian language with a relevant certificate. Those who have no knowledge or elementary level of Mongolian language can attend the one year or one semester intensive Mongolia language programs.
The tuition and fees required from students vary significantly. Relative to local income, tuition fees in both public and private higher education institutions are high and average around £240 per year for home-based students. International fees are substantially higher, ranging between £2 000 annually for a Bachelor’s program to approximately £2 300 per year for a Doctoral degree.
State financial support is usually restricted to home-based students. Nonetheless, individual institutions offer a variety of scholarships for academically well performing students and/or students with financial difficulties, especially from rural areas.
Information for International Students
Generally, Mongolian institutions’ application process for international students differs from that for the home-based students. It is usually administered online, with commonly requested documents being certified copies of previous education, language certificates and at least two letters of recommendation. A Mongolian language exam or an interview may form part of the admission process.
The visa application process is usually specified in the acceptance letter provided by the university. The university’s Foreign Office should act as the point of reference.
Total monthly living costs are approximately 50% lower than in the UK. Monthly university accommodation costs have been estimated at approximately £75, with a basic lunchtime menu costing approximately £4 and a loaf of bread being priced at approximately p30.