There are 13 higher education institutions in Morocco which include public, private and partnership universities. There are 12 public universities which are funded by the state. The private universities are privately funded. Partnership universities are both public and private. Moreover, public higher education is free in Morocco for foreigners and nationals. However, the most recently created partnership universities charge tuition. Recent trends have found that there has been nearly a 200 percent increase in enrollment rates to Moroccan universities from 2001 to 2016. There were 11000 international students enrolled in Moroccan universities in 2017-2018 academic year. 85 percent of these foreign students are said to be from African or Sub-Saharan countries. For more information on Moroccan higher education institutions, please visit the official government website at https://www.men.gov.ma/Fr/Pages/Accueil.aspx.
The Moroccan higher education system adopts the usual tertiary education path of a Bachelor’s (cycle de la Licence) followed by a Master’s and then a Doctorate degree. These are sometimes referred to as the first, second, and third cycles. The Bachelor’s usually lasts six semesters which is equivalent to three years. The Master’s typically lasts 2 years and a doctorate 3 to 5 years. Moreover, Morocco is establishing the European Credits System in order to allow for increased travel between Moroccan students and European higher education systems. In order to apply for a Bachelor’s degree, students must possess a baccalaureate degree or an equivalent qualification such as A levels or the Swiss Maturity. To be accepted to a Master’s program, students must have a relevant Bachelor’s degree from an accredited institution. However, Master’s in engineering courses last three years and Business and Management degrees at the National Business and Management School last 5 years with a placement in the last year. Engineering courses are open to all students through competition between those having completed the necessary preparatory classes. Students holding qualifications equivalent to a Bachelor’s plus two years are able to enter into the third year of the Business and Management course. The last year includes a work-placement.
The main language of instruction is Arabic, however some courses are taught in French or English. In terms of fees, most universities have a charge for enrollment. In general, Bachelor’s degrees cost approximately 150-200 euros, a Master’s costs 250 euros and 380 euros for a Doctorate. However, engineering degrees cost 600 euros for enrollment. There are bursaries which are offered for research or students who demonstrate excellence.
Information for International Students
The average cost of student housing is between 95 to 180 euros per month. A loaf of bread for instance costs 10 cents and a meal costs approximately 2 to 4 euros. International students applying to public Moroccan universities must do so directly via the diplomatic channels of their own home country. These are then sent to the Moroccan Agency for International Cooperation which sorts through the applications and passes them on to the universities. In order to apply to private universities, students must do so directly via the university they wish to attend. Upon arrival, students must report to the Department of Professional Training in the Moroccan Agency for International Cooperation in order to complete the registration form. This will allow students to then complete the final registration forms at their given universities.