There are approximately twenty-four higher education institutions in Mozambique, at least eleven of which are public. While public establishments are mostly funded by the state, there is a fierce competition for government-sponsored places. The country’s private establishments charge fees for tuition as well as admission, which are generally higher than in the public sector. Language of instruction is Portugese.
Conditions for international students are subject to individual universities’ regulations, and to further requirements of residency. The country’s oldest institution, Eduardo Mondlane University, accommodates nearly 40 000 students. While the student population has been steadily rising over the past twenty years, there are still significant challenges facing Mozambique’s higher education system, namely the lack of available places, and gender discrepancy in enrolments. For more information please refer to http://www.mined.gov.mz/.
The Mozambique’s educational system is influenced by the Portuguese educational tradition. It follows the ‘bachelor's master's doctorate system’: the length of Bachelor’s – or Licentiate – degree usually comprises three to four years. It is followed by a Master’s typically lasting two years, culminating in a Doctoral degree of two to three years.
Enrolment into Bachelor’s programs is conditional on completion of secondary education and sitting an entrance exam, as demand for places at public universities strongly outstrips supply. To be accepted to a Master’s or Doctoral programmes, students must have a relevant Bachelor or Master’s degree respectively. The language of instruction is Portuguese, requiring an intermediate level of proficiency in the language to pursue higher education in Mozambique.
In terms of financing the studies, fees vary significantly between private and public institutions. In both sectors, however, these are extremely low relative to the Western norm. As of 2009, monthly tuition fees for an undergraduate course at Eduardo Mondlane University, the largest of the country’s institutions, was around £3.3. For private schools, an annual fee for a Bachelor’s programme is approximately £960.
Information for International Students
Upon securing a place at an institution of one’s choice, any international student will need to obtain a student visa via the Mozambique’s consular office in the country of their residence, and a residence permit. The residence visa for Mozambique is known as the Documento de Identificação e Residência para Estrangeiros (DIRE). To apply, students from abroad must submit the relevant documents including proof of enrolment and a letter from their university. An applicant must also submit the form “Application for Entry to Mozambique”, which can only be completed in French, Portuguese or English.
Living costs have been estimated to be significantly lower than at the continent, ranging from £260 to £470. Monthly rent for a one-bedroom flat can vary between £210 to £500, with a loaf of bread costing approximately p60. A three-course meal at a mid-range restaurant can cost around £12.5, with the public transport fare in the capital being around p12 per ride.