There are one hundred sixty-three higher education institutions in Myanmar, comprising 101 universities, 12 institutes, 9-degree colleges and 24 colleges. For public establishments, the tuition is mostly funded by the state. The country’s private establishments charge fees for tuition as well as admission. The vast majority of education institutions is administered by the Ministry of Education, whose education system framework is highly influenced by Anglo-Saxon tradition (see below). The language of instruction is English or Burmese for most degrees, with private institutions orientating primarily on English.
Tertiary education in Myanmar has experienced persistent expansion over the past thirty years, with 2014 enrolment figures being estimated at approximately 550 000. Conditions for international students are subject to individual universities’ regulations, and further requirements of residency. For more information please refer to http://www.moe.gov.mm/.
Myanmar’s educational system is strongly influenced by Anglo-Saxon educational tradition. It follows the ‘bachelor's master's doctorate system’; in contrast to the UK, the length of Bachelor’s degree usually comprises four years. It is followed by a Master’s typically lasting one year, culminating in a Doctoral degree of three years. The examination system is similar to that in the UK, however much greater emphasis is put on face-to-face and textbook learning, as opposed to research.
Enrolment into Bachelor’s programs is conditional on completion of secondary education and possession of Burmese High School Completion Certificate or recognized equivalent (e.g. A-Levels or IB). Additionally, a state-managed, entrance ‘matriculation’ exam is compulsory for all applicants. To be accepted to a Master’s and Doctorate programmes, students must have a relevant Bachelor or Master’s degree respectively. An intermediate level of proficiency in English or Burmese is commonly required, depending on the language of instruction.
In terms of financing the studies, most universities charge an array of yearly fees, ranging from tuition to registration or exam fees for international students. The annual total costs of education are approximately £1 200 for undergraduate studies, whereas for Master’s and Doctoral degrees they center around approximately £2 450 and £4 080 respectively.
Information for International Students
The admission process is usually administered by the university of one’s choice. Provision of hard copies of documents such as previous education transcripts, copy of valid passport, language certificates and letters of support is commonly required. Additionally, same conditions as for home students apply, and for undergraduate courses the ‘matriculation’ entrance exam must be sat be the candidate.
Total monthly expenditure varies between £480 and £860. This includes monthly accommodation costs of between £90 and £320, as well as food expenditure of approximately £150 to £210.