There are over five hundred fifty higher education institutions in Nepal, comprising 6 universities, 2 ‘institutions’, and the remainder being colleges. For public establishments, the tuition is mostly funded by the state, and it accounts for approximately 90% of all enrolments. The country’s private establishments charge fees for tuition. Notably, many private colleges offer programmes primarily in English. For other institutions, the language of instruction is either English or Nepalese.
Tertiary education in Nepal has experienced persistent expansion over the past thirty years. Its oldest institution alone, the Tribhuvan University, currently accommodates over 400 000 students. Conditions for international students are subject to individual universities’ regulations, and further requirements of residency. For more information please refer to https://moe.gov.np/.
Nepal’s educational system is strongly influenced by the Indian arrangements. It follows the ‘bachelor's master's doctorate system’, the length of Bachelor’s degree usually comprises three to four years, but its length may vary further depending on the institution. For example, programmes in law are offered in the form of either four and five year programmes, whereas Bachelor of Medicine usually takes five years. It is followed by a Master’s typically lasting one to two years, generally taught via coursework and potentially including a submission of an original thesis. The studies culminate in a Doctoral degree of three to five years; such programmes are, however, offered by only a small portion of campuses in Nepal.
Enrolment into Bachelor’s programs is conditional on completion of higher secondary education and possession of HSEB Certificate or recognized equivalent (e.g. A-Levels or IB). Alternatively, completion of vocational courses following lower secondary education may enable enrolment to into undergraduate programmes. To be accepted to a Master’s and Doctorate programmes, students must have a relevant Bachelor or Master’s degree respectively; for Doctorate programmes, a Master of Philosophy degree will generally offer access to PhD programmes. An intermediate level of proficiency in English or Nepalese is required, depending on the language of instruction.
In terms of financing the studies, the education costs vary dramatically between universities. For some institutions, annual tuition fees may climb as high as £32 000 for home students, whereas international students commonly pay twice as much, that is around £72 000. This however depends on the student’s country of origin.
The government offers scholarship programmes for girls, disabled students and financially disadvantaged students, as well as students coming from marginalized communities.
Information for International Students
International students wishing to pursue studies in Nepal will need to apply for a Student Visa via the government’s immigration service. Numerous documents are required, including the receipt of admission and a recommendation from Nepal’s Ministry of Education. The cost of the Student Visa is £32 per month. Holders of Study Visa are not required to work in Nepal.
Regarding the admission process itself, it is usually administered by the university of one’s choice. Provision of hard copies of documents such as previous education transcripts, copy of valid passport, language certificates and letters of support is commonly required. Otherwise, the same conditions as for home students apply, however interviews are often required as a part of the admission process for international students. For some programmes, sitting additional entrance exams may be required.
The Nepalese Rupee is the country’s official currency. Total monthly expenditure for a single person has been estimated at £560. This includes monthly accommodation costs of around £120, as well as food expenditure of approximately £80 to £120. Public transport can be expected to cost around £12 per month, whereas a price for a decent meal in a local restaurant can vary between £2.4 and £8.