There are 57 higher education institutions in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, commonly known as Venezuela. These include public and private universities, as well as technical institutes. Public universities are funded by the states whereas private universities are funded through private tuition. Universities offer a range of courses across all fields. Technical colleges and institutes are specialized and offer a limited range of degrees, in a certain field. The Universidad Central de Venezuela ranks 28th in the Latin American University Rankings for 2018. For more information, please refer to the official government website: http://me.gob.ve/.
There is no centralized system for application to higher education institutions in Venezuela. Students are required to apply to higher education institutions, directly through the websites. There are two kinds of undergraduate degrees offered in Venezuelan higher education institutions: the técnico superior and the licenciado. The técnico superior is a short-cycle program which is not on par with a Bachelor’s degree. The Licenciado is awarded after five years of study, though some courses are four-years long. Then, there are two graduate degrees. Firstly, the diploma de especialista which is a specialized diploma. It requires one year of study to complete and allows students to enter the job market directly after their studies. The Master’s degree (magister) takes two years to complete and allows students to continue on an academic path or enter the professional field of work. Doctoral degrees take two to five years to complete.
There is no centralized system for application to higher education institutions in Venezuela, meaning that students are required to apply directly to their desired institution. Local prospective undergraduate students are required to pass a national exam, known as the prueba de aptitude académica. The admissions requirements are therefore based on their scores from the national exam. Usually, students are permitted to apply to three different courses. The courses that require the highest scores are computer science, medicine, engineering and law degrees. If students are accepted to their second choice course, and they perform well enough in their first academic year, they are allowed to transfer to their first-choice program. Foreign secondary school certificates, such as the International Baccalaureate, are accepted. Master’s and specialized diplomas require a licenciado in order to be accepted. Doctoral programs require a Master’s when applying.
Public higher education in Venezuela is free for local students. The estimated overall cost of living in Venezuela including tuition fees is between 29’250$ to 33’800$.
Information for International Students
When applying to higher education institutions in Venezuela, students are required to have their documents translated into English or Spanish. Moreover, international students are required to acquire a student visa before arriving. These can be obtained through local consulates or embassies.