There are approximately 167 higher education institutions in Vietnam. These are composed of specialized universities, multi-disciplinary universities, junior colleges, and postgraduate research institutes. Specialized universities offer only a specific set of subjects, whereas multi-disciplinary universities offer a range of courses across different fields. Junior colleges offer vocational programs and undergraduate degrees. Postgraduate research institutes are for Master’s and Doctoral students. For more information, please refer to the official government website: https://en.moet.gov.vn/.
The educational structure in Vietnam follows the traditional path of a Bachelor’s, followed by a Master’s, and then a Doctorate. Bachelor’s take four years to complete. However, a Bachelor of Engineering takes five years to complete. Some Bachelor degrees may also be studied part-time. Master’s programs generally take two years to complete, whereas Engineering Master’s take three years to complete. Doctoral programs take between three to four years to complete. Medical education programs generally take six years to complete, for subjects such as medicine, architecture, dentistry and pharmacy.
There is no centralized system for application to higher education institutions in Vietnam, meaning that students are required to submit their applications directly to their higher education institution of choice. Prospective undergraduate students in Vietnam are required to pass a national examination. Students are required to take three compulsory test subjects: Vietnamese langauge, mathematics, and a foreign language. They then have to the option to take a group of subjects, either natural sciences (biology, chemistry, physics) exams or social science exams (civics, geography, history), depending on the course they want to apply to. Students may choose to take a fifth subject in their examination in order to increase their chances of being accepted. Universities base their requirements on the scores from the national entrance examination. Universities tend to have higher requirements than junior colleges. Vietnam has eliminated the requirement for international students to complete the Vietnamese-language entrance examinations in order to facilitate the ability for international students to study there. Prospective Master’s students require a Bachelor’s degree in order to be accepted. Prospective Doctoral students require a Master’s degree, and must pass an entrance exam in order to be accepted.
Tuition fees at public universities range between 260$ to 400$ annually. Private universities’ tuition varies, though on average, degrees cost approximately 800$ to 1000$ per year. However, some private higher education institutions may have tuition which ranges up to 10’000$ per year.
Information for International Students
Students ae able to apply to live in student accommodation which is provided with the university. On campus accommodation costs range from 1’200$ to 1’600$ per semester. Some students however decide to rent apartments for the duration of their stay as it offers more privacy. Lastly, students may opt for a homestay option in a language teacher’s home in order to improve their language skills.